Bronchial Asthma

Mostly people tend to avoid this term and say they have esophillia or allergy

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You often have trouble breathing, especially when you exercise orcleaning your house. But it also happens when you’re no exercising.  Sometimes you even wake up wheezing during the night. Your doctor tells you that you have asthma, a long-term disease that affects millions of men, women, and children in the India.

What is asthma?

Asthma is a disease in which a person’s airways become inflamed, swollen, and narrowed, making it difficult for air to flow into and out of the lungs. When the airways are swollen, breathlessness and other symptoms of asthma occur.

What are the symptoms of asthma?

People with asthma may have chest tightness, coughing, wheezing, or shortness of breath. Children with asthma may have noisy breathing and may appear very tired after normal play or exercise.

What causes asthma?

No one knows exactly why some people have this condition. What is known is that asthma usually flares up in response to “triggers,” which can be ordinary things in the environment at home, school, and work. For example, an asthma attack may occur when someone with asthma comes into contact with a pet, cigarette smoke, or pollen. Other common triggers include dust mites, mold and mildew, paint fumes, chalk dust, and cockroach parts and droppings. Symptoms that occur in asthma sometimes happen in people who have a viral or sinus infection or heartburn. These symptoms can also be caused by emotional stress, exercise, breathing cold air, taking certain drugs, or eating some types of food.

 

Who is most likely to have asthma?

People who have a parent with asthma are 40% more likely to have asthma. Also, people who have allergic rhinitis, a condition that is commonly called hay fever, are likely to have asthma.  

There is no way to predict the course of a person’s asthma. Some children with asthma get better when they reach their teens, but othersexperience worsening symptoms that continue into adulthood. Some people have their first symptoms of asthma in adulthood.

 

How is asthma treated?

There is no cure for asthma, but preventive steps and medications can help people breathe easier. The first step is to eliminate or reduce your exposure to asthma triggers, which may involve cleaning your house more often, finding another home for your pet, or quitting smoking. Not only does smoking make existing asthma worse, it can lead to breathing difficulty for children exposed to the smoke.

Your doctor may prescribe an asthma drug. These medications include steroids, bronchodilators, antileukotrienes, and nonsteroidal  inflammatory drugs in liquid, tablet, or capsule form. Some drugs are taken with a device, such as a metered-dose inhaler or a dry-powder inhaler, a spacer unit that attaches to the inhaler, or a nebulizer that delivers the drug in a mist.

It is important to use asthma drugs exactly as directed. Many of these drugs are made to be used daily—even when you have no symptoms. If you begin having symptoms, take your medication as directed to prevent a serious second attack. Pregnant women with asthma need to carefully follow their doctor’s advice to avoid harm to their baby.

 If you have moderate or severe asthma, your doctor may recommend that you use a device called a peak flow meter to measure your airflow as you breathe out and that you chart the meter’s readings to track your asthma’s progress. You and your doctor can use these measurements to find out how well your asthma is being controlled.

If you follow your doctor’s directions carefully and still have trouble breathing, tell your doctor. He or she may prescribe a different medication, recommend another way to take your medication, or suggest other steps that can help you breathe easier.

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