My favorite field, I feel strongly only a person sound with general medicine can manage diabetes rather than studying it alone.
What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a group of conditions in which sugar
levels in the blood are abnormally high. It occurs
when your body attacks and destroys the cells in
the pancreas that produce insulin (type 1) or your
body can’t properly use the insulin your body
produces (type 2). Insulin is a hormone your body
needs to properly metabolize digested foods.
Without it, your body can’t control blood levels of
sugar. The 3 main types of diabetes are:
• Type 1 (Insulin-dependent) – about 5% to 10%
of all diabetes; usually occurs in children or
• Type 2 (Noninsulin-dependent) – about 90% to
95% of all diabetes; usually occurs in adults over
age 40 and most commonly in overweight people
• Gestational diabetes – occurs in about 2%-3%
of pregnant women; temporary form of insulin
resistance that usually occurs halfway through a
pregnancy; women are then at increased risk of
developing type 2 diabetes later in life
WHO IS AT RISK FOR DIABETES?
• Family members of people with diabetes
• Overweight people (talk to your doctor about
what constitutes “overweight” for you)
• People over age 65
• People with high blood pressure or very high
cholesterol or triglyceride levels
• Women with unexplained miscarriages,
stillbirths, or who have had babies weighing 3.5 kg or more at birth
Having diabetes can mean major changes in a person’s daily life. Because of the body’s inability to control sugar levels in blood and convert the sugar into the biological energy needed by all the body’s cells, people with diabetes must take active control of many aspects of everyday living.
Although managing diabetes can be demanding, people with the disease can guard against a host of other associated conditions and can lead long, active lives. Approximately above 12% of our population have diabetes (known as diabetes mellitus or sugar diabetes), and it is the one of leading cause of death from a disease.
Successful management of the disease involves following a daily routine, which may include monitoring blood sugar levels, taking insulin or other medications, following a healthy diet and exercising regularly. Diabetes can lead to other serious conditions, such as heart disease, stroke, blindness, kidney disease, nerve damage, and amputations.
Heart disease is a common problem in people with diabetes and is the leading cause of diabetes-related deaths.